A node is a geographic focal point.

This booklet looks at the town square or civic space as a node which functions to act as
the heart of an urban area.


Too often civic spaces don't get the attention and consideration they deserve at the planning stage – a crime as they are the social epicentre of a community. This booklet looks at the structural and planning elements which are key to creating a successful social and urban space.

© Wayne Kehoe 2014